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Lymphoma in children

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    Lymphoma in children is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system. It can be categorized into two main types: Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL).

    Causes: The exact cause of lymphoma in children is not clearly understood, but factors like genetic predisposition and previous infections might play a role.

    Symptoms: Common symptoms include swollen lymph nodes, unexplained weight loss, fever, night sweats, and fatigue.

    Types:

    1. Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL): Characterized by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells.
    2. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL): Includes various subtypes and is more common than HL in children.

    Treatment:

    • Chemotherapy: Primary treatment for both HL and NHL.
    • Radiation Therapy: Used in some cases, especially for HL.
    • Targeted Therapy and Immunotherapy: May be used, particularly for certain types of NHL.

    Prognosis and Management: Prognosis depends on the type, stage, and response to treatment. Ongoing research is improving treatment approaches and survival rates. Regular follow-ups are crucial for monitoring recovery and managing any long-term effects of treatment.

    Supportive care is also an important aspect, addressing the physical, emotional, and psychological needs of the child and family during and after treatment.

    The Pediatric.me content is provided for informational purposes only and is not intended as medical advice or as a substitute for medical advice of a physician
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