A pediatric nephrologist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney and urinary tract disorders in children, including infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents. These conditions may include congenital kidney abnormalities, nephrotic syndrome, urinary tract infections, and kidney failure.
Pediatric nephrologists have specialized training in pediatric medicine, nephrology, and urology, and they are skilled in diagnosing and managing kidney-related conditions in young patients. They use a range of diagnostic tests such as urine and blood tests, kidney biopsies, and imaging studies to diagnose and evaluate the extent of kidney damage.
Pediatric nephrologists work with a team of healthcare professionals, including pediatricians, nurses, and dietitians, to develop a comprehensive treatment plan. Treatment may include medications, dialysis, kidney transplant, or other interventions, depending on the specific condition and the child’s age and overall health.
To become a pediatric nephrologist, one must complete a medical degree, a residency in pediatrics, and a fellowship in pediatric nephrology. Certification by the American Board of Pediatrics and the American Board of Internal Medicine is also required.