Pediatric hematologists are doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders and cancers in children. Some of the common issues that pediatric hematologists treat include:
- Anemia. Anemia is a condition where the body does not have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen to the body’s tissues. This can lead to fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath. Pediatric hematologists may treat anemia caused by nutritional deficiencies, bone marrow disorders, or other underlying conditions.
- Bleeding disorder. Bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and von Willebrand disease can cause excessive bleeding and bruising. Pediatric hematologists can diagnose and treat these conditions, which are often genetic.
- Blood cancers. Pediatric hematologists treat various types of blood cancers, including leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma. These cancers can affect the bone marrow, lymph nodes, and other organs.
- Blood clot. Blood clots can form in veins or arteries and cause serious health problems. Pediatric hematologists may treat children with blood clotting disorders such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE).
- Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). ITP is a disorder that affects platelets, which are necessary for blood clotting. Pediatric hematologists may treat children with ITP to help prevent bleeding and bruising.
- Sickle cell disease. Sickle cell disease is a genetic disorder that affects the shape of red blood cells. This can lead to pain, infections, and other complications. Pediatric hematologists may treat children with sickle cell disease to manage symptoms and prevent complications.
- Thalassemia. Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder that affects the production of hemoglobin. This can lead to anemia and other health problems. Pediatric hematologists may treat children with thalassemia to manage symptoms and prevent complications.